Enterprise Unlimited: On Mapping and Colonization of Space

  • Predrag Krstić Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory Belgrade
Keywords:
Star Trek, colonialism, multiculturalism, humanism, alien, boundary

Abstract

The theme of this paper is the relationship to „others“ – other civilizations and cultures in the history of Earth, and other species and different forms of life in science fiction. The analysis of Star Trek series and films shows that, despite considerable endeavor to adopt „multiculturalism“ as a principle, and despite a conscious effort to respect and celebrate diversity, „colonial narrative“ remains in force in the popular science fiction visions of the future. Fear and/or violence are typical reactions that (un)hiddenly repeats the pattern of our thinking of otherness and treatment of different ones whenever it comes to aliens, whether they are foreigners or extraterrestrials.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alexander, David. 1994. Star Trek Creator. New York: ROC.

Anderson, Steve. 2000. Loafing in the Garden of Knowledge: History, TV and Popular Memory. Film & History 30 (1): 14-23.

Barad, Judith and Ed Robertson 2001. The Ethics of Star Trek. New York: Harper Perennial.

Boyd, Katrina G. 1996. „Cyborgs in Utopia: The Problem of Radical Difference in Star Trek: The Next Generation”. In Enterprise Zones: Critical Positions on Star Trek, ed. Taylor Harrison, Sarah Projansky, Kent A. Ono, and Elyce Rae Helford, 95-114. Boulder: Westviw Press.

Brusoe, Peter. 2005. „Ex Astris iter, Scientia: A look at the Political Theory of Star Trek“. Conference Paper – American Political Science Association, Marriott Wardman Park, Omni Shoreham, Washington Hilton, Annual Meeting, Washington DC, 1. septembar, 1-19, (internet) dostupno na adresi: http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p41718_index.html (pristupljeno 7. septembra 2011).

Cantor, Paul A. 2000. Shakespeare in the Original Klingon: Star Trek and the End of History. Perspectives on Political Science 29 (3): 158-166.

Challans, Timothy. 2008. „The Enterprise of Military Ethics: Jean-Luc Picard as Starfleet’s Conscience“. In Star Trek and Philosophy: The Wrath of Kant, ed. Kevin S. Decker and Jason T. Eberl, 91-104. Chicago and La Salle, Illinois: Open Court.

Collins, Steven F. 1996. „’For the Greater Good’: Trilateralism and Hegemony in Star Trek: The Next Generation“. In Enterprise Zones: Critical Positions on Star Trek, ed. Taylor Harrison, Sarah Projansky, Kent A. Ono, and Elyce Rae Helford, 137-156. Boulder: Westviw Press.

Corcoran, Marlena. 1997, „Worst Case Scenarios“: The Fiction of the Internet. Leonardo 30 (5): 343-348.

Disch, Thomas. 2000. The Dreams Our Stuff is Made Of: How Science-Fiction Conquered the World. New York: Free Press.

Eze, Emmanuel Chukwudi (ed) 1997. Race and the Enlightenment: A Reader. Cambridge: Blackwell.

Foucault, Michel. 1994. Znanje i moć. Globus: Zagreb.

Franklin, H. Bruce. 1994. Star Trek in the Vietnam Era. Science-Fiction Studies 21 (1): 24–34.

Fukujama, Frensis. 1998. Kraj istorije i poslednji čovek. Podgorica: CID.

Geraghty, Lincoln. 2000. „Carved from the rock experiences of our daily lives“: Reality and Star Trek’s Multiple Histories. European Journal of American Culture 21 (3): 160-176.

Goulding, Jay. 1985. Empire, Aliens, and Conquest: A Critique of American Ideology in Star Trek and Other Science Fiction Adventures. Toronto, OT: Sisyphus Press.

Grewell, Greg. 2001. Colonizing the Universe: Science Fictions Then, Now, and in the (Imagined) Future. Rocky Mountain Review of Language and Literature 55 (2): 25-47.

Hanson, R. 1998. Burning the Cosmic Commons: Evolutionary Strategies for Interstellar Colonization. (internet) dostupno na adresi: http://hanson.gmu.edu/filluniv.pdf. (pristupljeno 1. marta 2007).

Hastie, Amelie. 1996. „A Fabricated Space: Assimilating the Individual on Star Trek: The Next Generation“. In Enterprise Zones: Critical Positions on Star Trek, eds. Taylor Harrison, Sarah Projansky, Kent A. Ono, and Elyce Rae Helford, 115-136. Boulder: Westviw Press.

Hemmingson, Michael. 2009. Star Trek: a post-structural critique of the original series. Rockville, Maryland: Wildside Press.

Horkheimer, Max & Theodor W. Adrono. 1997. Dialektik der Aufklärung. Theodor W. Adorno: Gesammelte Schriften, Bd. 3. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.

Hu Pegues, Juliana. 2008. Miss Cylon: Empire and Adoption in „Battlestar Galactica“. MELUS 33 (4): 189-209.

Jameson, Fredric. 2007. Archaeologies of the Future: This Desire Called Utopia and Other Science Fictions. London and New York: Verso.

Johnson-Smith, Jan. 2004. American Science Fiction TV: Star Trek, Stargate and Beyond. London: I. B. Tauris.

Joyrich, Lynne. 1996. Feminist Enterprise? „Star Trek: The Next Generation“ and the Occupation of Femininity. Cinema Journal 35 (2): 61-84.

Kandel, Michael. 1998. Is Something New Happening in Science Fiction?. Science Fiction Studies 25: 1-6.

Kapell, Matthew. 2000. Speakers for the Dead: Star Trek, The Holocaust, and the Representation of Atrocity. Extrapolation 41 (2): 104-114.

Klausen, Detlef. 2003. Granice prosvetiteljstva. Društvena geneza modernog antisemitizma. Beograd: Biblioteka XX vek.

Kottak, Conrad Phillip. 1990. Prime-Time Society: An Anthropological Analysis of Television and Culture, Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth.

Lipscomb, D., N. Platnick & Q. Wheeler. 2003. The intellectual content of taxonomy: a comment on DNA taxonomy. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 18: 65-66.

Lucanio, Patrick. 1987. Them or Us: Archetypal Interpretations of Fifties Alien Invasion Films. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Lucian. 1958. True History and Lucius or the Ass. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Mandeville, Sir John. 1997 [1356]. „Travel of Sir John Mandeville“. In The English Literatures of America, 1500-1800, ed. Myra Jehlen and Michael Warner, 8-9. New York: Routledge.

Marsalek, Ken. 2001. The Ethics of Star Trek by Barad & Robertson. Philosophy Now, (internet) dostupno na adresi: http://www.philosophynow.org/issues/34/The_Ethics_of_Star_Trek_by_Barad_and_Robertson (pristupljeno 30 januara 2010).

Marshall, E. 2005. Will DNA bar codes breathe life into classification. Science 307: 1037.

McCarthy, Anna. 1992. Displacing Difference: Species as Race in Science Fiction Television of the Bush Era. Society for Cinema Studies Conference, Pittsburgh, PA.

Mor, Tomas. 2002. Utopija. Beograd: Utopija.

Nolton, Marnie. 2008. „Cardassian ’Monsters’ and Bajoran ’Freedom Fighters’“. In Star Trek and Philosophy: The Wrath of Kant, ed. Kevin S. Decker and Jason T. Eberl, 287-314. Chicago and La Salle, Illinois: Open Court.

Okuda, Mike and Denise Okuda. 1993. Star Trek Chronology: A History of the Future. New York: Pocket Books.

Okuda, Mike, Denise Okuda, and Debbie Mirek. 1997. The Star Trek Encyclopedia: A Reference Guide to the Future. New York: Pocket Books.

Ono, Kent A. 1996. „Domesticating Terrorism: A Neocolonial Economy of Différence“. In Enterprise Zones: Critical Positions on Star Trek, ed. Taylor Harrison, Sarah Projansky, Kent A. Ono, and Elyce Rae Helford, 157-185. Boulder: Westviw Press.

Parsons, Ed. 2006. „Google Earth inspiration was Star Treks Tricorder“, 27. mart, edparsons.com, (internet) dosutpno na adresi: http://www.edparsons.com/2006/03/google-earth-inspiration-was-star-treks-tricorder/ (pristupljeno 4. jula 2011).

Pinscy, Michael. 2003. Ethics and/as Science Fiction. Madison: Farileigh Dickinson University Press.

Poper, Karl R. 1993. Otvoreno društvo i njegovi neprijatelji (I): Čar Platona. Beograd: BIGZ.

Roberts, Adam 2007. The History of Science Fiction. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Sacket, Susan. 2009/2010. The Secular Humanism of Star Trek: a conversation with Susan Sackett (Interview). Free Inquiry 30 (1): 7-9.

Sarantakes, Nicholas Evan. 2005. Cold War, Pop Culture and the Image of U. S. Foreign Policy: The Perspective of the Original Star Trek Series. Journal of Cold War Studies 7 (4): 74–103.

Savolainen, Vincent, Robyn S. Cowan, Alfried P. Vogler, George K. Roderick and Richard Lane. 2005. Towards Writing the Encyclopaedia of Life: An Introduction to DNA Barcoding. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society: Biological Sciences 360 (1462): 1805-1811.

Schneider, Susan (ed.) 2009. Science Fiction and Philosophy: From Time Travel to Superintelligence. West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell.

Schüller, Mieke. 2001. Star Trek – The Americanization of Space, Norderstedt: GRIN Verlag.

Shatner, William [with Chris Kreski] 1993. Star Trek Memories, New York: HarperCollins.

Simon, Richard Keller. 1999. Trash Culture: Popular Culture and the Great Tradition. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Smith, John. 1969 [1616]. „Description of New-England, by Captaine John Smith“. In American Literature: Tradition and Innovation, ed. Harrison T . Meserole, Walter Sutton, and Brom Weber, 3-26. Massachusetts: Heath.

Sobchack, Vivian. 1998. Screening Space: The American Science Fiction Film. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.

Spark, Alasdair. 2000. „A New World Made to Order: Making Sense of the Future in a Global Era“. In Histories of the Future: Studies in Fact, Fantasy and Science Fiction, ed. Alan Sandison and Robert Dingley, 147-151. New York: Palgrave.

Wagner, Jon and Jan Lundeen. 1998. Deep Space and Sacred Time. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Whitfield, Stephen P.E. and Gene Roddenberry. 1968. The Making of Star Trek. New York: Ballantine Books.

Worland, Rick. 1988. Captain Kirk Cold Warrior. Journal of Popular Film and Television 16 (3): 109–117.

Worland, Rick. 1994. From the New Frontier to the Final Frontier: Star Trek from Kennedy to Gorbachev. Film & History 24 (1/2): 19–35.
Published
2012-10-25
How to Cite
Krstić, Predrag. 2012. “Enterprise Unlimited: On Mapping and Colonization of Space”. Issues in Ethnology and Anthropology 7 (4), 957-78. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21301/eap.v7i4.4.