Manufacturing "Otherness". Ethnographic notes from the football field

  • Ivan Đorđević The Institute of Ethnography SASA Belgrade
Keywords:
football, Serbia, Croatia, supporters, media, otherness

Abstract

This paper deals with the ethnography of football games, with a special focus on how field research intertwines with the discursively constructed image of football culture as a mechanism for the production of otherness. The ethnographic material which will be discussed was gathered in 2012 during the qualifications for the Football World Cup held in Brazil in 2014. The game in question is a match between Serbia and Croatia held in March 2013 in Zagreb. Through the discussion of the gathered ethnographic material, field reflexions and material from the media, I will attempt to shed light on the ways in which one football game can serve to homogenize as well as question identity, especially ways in which these identities are constructed through the media. The analysis of ethnographic material will serve to point out the specificity of researching a fairly visible and popular, highly mediatised phenomenon such as football, in which discourses created by the media are intertwined with the real "state of affairs in the field".

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Armstrong, Gary. 1998. Football hooligans : knowing the score, Explorations in anthropology. Oxford ; New York: Berg.

Bakić-Hayden, Milica. 1995. Nesting Orientalisms: The Case of Former Yugoslavia. Slavic Review 54 (4):917-931.

Barker, Chris. 2004. The Sage dictionary of cultural studies. London: Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications.

Brentin, Dario. 2013. "A lofty battle for the nation": the social roles of sport in Tudjman's Croatia. Sport in Society: Cultures, Commerce, Media, Politics 16 (8):993-1008.

Brentin, Dario. 2016. Ready for the homeland? Ritual, remembrance, and political extremism in Croatian football. Nationalities Papers 44 (6):860-876.

Crabbe, Tim. 2003. "The Pulbic Gets what the Public Wants". England Football Fans, "Truth" Claims and Mediated Realities. International Review for the Sociology of Sport 38: 413-425.

Čolović, Ivan. 2000. Politika simbola. Beograd: XX vek.

Đerić, Gordana. 2008. Nasilje u društvenom pamćenju. Intima hrvatske i srpske javnosti povodom operacije Oluja. Filozofija i društvo 19 (1):43-68.

Đorđević, Ivan. 2012. O fudbalu, antropologiji i tranziciji. Narativi o nasilju i bezbednosti u savremenoj Srbiji. Etnoantropološki problemi 7 (2):431-446.

Đorđević, Ivan. 2015. Antropolog među navijačima. Beograd: XX vek.

Foer, Franklin. 2004. How soccer explains the world : an unlikely theory of globalization. New York: HarperCollins.
Giulianotti, Richard. 2005. Sport: a critical sociology. Oxford : Malden Polity.

Goldblatt, David. 2008. The ball is round: a global history of football. 1st Riverhead trade pbk. ed. New York: Riverhead Books.

Hall, Stuart. 1978. "‘The Treatment of Football Hooliganism in the Press’,." In Football Hooliganism: The Wider Context, edited by R. Ingham. London: Inter-Action Imprint.

Hodges, Andrew. 2016. The hooligan as ‘internal’ other? Football fans, ultras culture and nesting intra-orientalisms. International Review for the Sociology of Sport 51 (4):410-427. doi: 10.1177/1012690214526401.

Jansen, Stef. 2001. Svakodnevni orijentalizam: doživljaj "Balkana" / "Evrope" u Beogradu i Zagrebu. Filozofija i društvo no. 18:33-71.

Lalić, Dražen, and Shay Wood. 2014. Football Hooliganism in Croatia: A Historical and Sociological Analysis. Sudost-europa 62 (2):145-169.

Mills, Richard. 2009. It All Ended in an Unsporting Way: Serbian Football and the Disintegration of Yugoslavia, 1989-2006. International Journal of the History of Sport 26 (9):1187-1217.

Narayan, Kirin. 1993. How Native Is a "Native" Anthropologist? American Anthropologist 95 (3):671-686.

Naumović, Slobodan. 1998. Romanticists or Double Insiders? An Essay on the Origins of Ideologised Discourses In Balkan Ethnology. Ethnologia Balcanica 2:101-120.

Naumović, Slobodan. 2005. "Nacionalizacija nacionalne nauke? Politika etnologije/antropologije u Srbiji i Hrvatskoj tokom prve polovine devedesetih godina dvadesetog veka." In Problemi kulturnog identiteta stanovništva savremene Srbije, edited by Senka Kovač. Beograd: Filozofski fakultet Univerziteta u Beogradu.

Nielsen, Christian Axboe. 2010. The goalposts of transition: football as a metaphor for Serbia's long journey to the rule of law. Nationalities Papers 38 (1):87-103.

Poulton, Emma. 2005. English Media Representation of Football-related Disorder: "Brutal, Short-hand and Simplifying"? Sport in Society: Cultures, Commerce, Media, Politics 8 (1):27-47.

Prica, Ines. 2005. "Autori, zastupnici, presuditelji. Hrvatska etnologija u paralelizmima postsocijalističkog konteksta " In Etnologija i antropologija: stanje i perspekitve, edited by Dragana Radojičić. Beograd: Etnografski institut SANU.

Ritzer, George. 1997. Post-modern Social Theory. London: Sage.

Simić, Marina. 2007. EXIT u Evropu: popularna muzika i politike identiteta u savremenoj Srbiji. Kultura 116-117:98-122.

Simić, Marina. 2010. Fieldwork Dillemas: Problems of Location, Insiderhood, and Implicit Discourses. Glasnik Etnografskog instituta SANU 58: 29-42.

Spaaij, Ramon. 2006. Understanding Football Hooliganism. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

Vasiljević, Jelena. 2008. Procesi narativizacije srpsko - hrvatskih sukoba u štampi Hrvatske i Srbije prve polovine devedesetih godina XX veka. Filozofski fakultet, Odeljenje za etnologiju i antropologiju, Beograd.

Vrcan, Srđan. 2003. Nogomet-politika-nasilje: ogledi iz sociologije nogometa. Zagreb: Naklada Jesenski i Turk.

Vrcan, Srđan, and Dražen Lalić. 1999. "From Ends tp Trenches and Back: Football in the Former Yugoslavia." In Football Cultures and Identities, edited by Gary Armstrong and Richard Giulianotti. Basingstoke: Macmillan.

Wilson, Jonathan. 2006. Behind the Curtain: Football in Eastern Europe: Travels in Eastern European Football. London: Orion.
Published
2017-08-30
How to Cite
Đorđević, Ivan. 2017. “Manufacturing "Otherness". Ethnographic Notes from the Football Field”. Issues in Ethnology and Anthropology 12 (2), 565–582. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21301/eap.v12i2.10.