The influence of music on interethnic relations of Sarajevo and Mostar’s inhabitants

  • Bogdan Dražeta Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade
  • Zorana Guja Cultural and Artistic Association „Baščaršija“, Sarajevo
Keywords:
music, narratives about music, use of music, interethnic relations, local identities, Sarajevo, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Abstract

Music and musical forms represent unfailing part of every human society and culture. Music can bond people and their communities, as it can be "in the service" of creating and transforming identities, e.g. ethnic, regional and local. Ethnological and anthropological view on music treats this phenomenon as the cultural product, which has certain meanings and influence on society and culture, i.e. their members in general. Every person from a cultural group has its own reflections on music, by recognizing abovementioned meanings, which can be same or different than those of other group members. This is why identity building process with use of music is very interesting for examination. During our fieldwork in Sarajevo and Mostar at the end of 2017, we noticed attitudes and reflections on partial and situational overcoming of ethno-political divisions through music. Bosnian and Herzegovinian political system is based on the ethnic principle, legally supported by Dayton Peace Agreement, a document which stopped the civil war 1992-1995. Yet the context of common musical tradition of all ethnic groups in Bosnia and Herzegovina is giving the framework on examining the relation between music and identity in this area, where identity question is a very important process looking historically. In this paper, we will present basic narratives on how music and musical forms impacts on interethnic relations and local, urban identity building process. These narratives were formed on the basis of media reports and conversations with inhabitants from aforementioned urban areas and their wider surroundings. It can be said at the level of Bosnia and Herzegovina, music shows different direction in contrast to actual public and media discourse. We believe that this contribution can give instance on thinking about how music in a certain society (re)shapes people’s values, attitudes and behavior of people. Moreover, collaboration between ethnology and anthropology on the one hand, as well as ethnomusicology on the other hand, may bring some interesting results and exchange of experience for further research.

References

Aščerić-Todd, Ines. 2015. Dervishes and Islam in Bosnia – Sufi dimensions to the formation of Bosnian Muslim society. Ledien and Boston: Brill.
Archer, Rory. 2009. „Paint Me Black an Gold and Put Me in a Frame: Turbofolk and Balkanist Discourse in (post) Yugoslav Cultural Space”. Master’s theis. Central European Univesity.
Bećirović, Fikret. 2014. Stoljetni demografski inženjering nad Bošnjacima. Bošnjaci u demografskoj strukturi Bosne i Hercegovine: od negiranja, asimiliranja do nacionalnog samoodređenja. Znakovi vremena 64: 141-158.
Bieber, Florian. 2005. Local Institutional Engineering: A Tale of Two Cities, Mostar and Brčko. International Peacekeeping12 (3): 420-433.
Bollens, Scot A. 2007. Cities, Nationalism and Democratization. London and New York: Routledge.
Bujić, Bojan. 2006. „Navigating through the past”: Issues facing an historian of music in Bosnia. International review of the aesthetics and sociology of music 37 (1): 67-84.
Čavlović, Ivan. 2011. Historija muzike u Bosni i Hercegovini. Sarajevo: Muzička akademija u Sarajevu, Institut za muzikologiju.
Čavlović, Ivan. 2014. Muzički oblici i stilovi. Analiza muzičkog djela. Sarajevo: Muzička akademija u Sarajevu, Institut za muzikologiju.
Čavlović, Ivan. 2016. Eseji o muzici ili nacrt za socijalnu historiju muzike u Bosni i Hercegovini. Sarajevo: Muzička akademija.
D’Alessio, Vanni. 2013. “Divided and Contested Cities in Modern European History. The Example of Mostar, Bosnia-Herzegovina”. In Beyond the Balkan: Toward an Inclusive History of Southeastern Europe, ed. Sabine Rutar, 451-480. Zürich and Münster: Lit Verlag.
Dujmović, Sonja. 2011. “Bosna i Hercegovina ne može ni da živi ni da umre – situiranje identiteta Bosne i Hercegovine kod bosanskohercegovačkih Srba (do 1941. godine)”. U Identitet Bosne i Hercegovine kroz istoriju 1, ur. Husnija Kamberović, 19-51. Sarajevo: Institut za istoriju u Sarajevu.
Eriksen, Tomas Hilen. 2004. Etnicitet i nacionalizam. Beograd: XX vek.
Gladanac, Sandra. 2009. “Failure to launch: The EU integration policy disintegrating historical regions”. In Historical regions divided by the borders: general problems and regional issue, ed. Marek Sobczyński, 23-33. Łódź-Opole: University of Łódź, Governmental Research Institute and Silesian Institute Society.
Hayden, Robert M. 2007. Moral Vision and Impaired Insight: The Imagining of Other Peoples’ Communities in Bosnia. Current Anthropology 48 (1): 105-131.
Hejden, Robert M. 2003. Skice za podeljenu kuću. Ustavna logika jugoslovenskih sukoba. Beograd: Samizdat B92.
Helbig, Adriana, Nino Tsitsishvili and Erica Haskell. 2012. Managing Musical Diversity within Frameworks of Western Development Aid: Views from Ukraine, Georgia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Yearbook for Traditional Music 40: 46-59.
Hromadžić, Azra. 2011. Bathroom Mixing: Youth Negotiate Democracy in Postconflict Bosnia and Herzegovina. PoLAR: Political and Legal Anthropology Review 34 (2): 268-289.
Kapidžić, Damir. 2016. Local Elections in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Election Analysis. Contemporary Southeastern Europe 3 (2): 127-134.
Karača Beljak, Tamara. 2014. Zvučni krajolici: pogled na vokalne fenomene Bosne i Hercegovine. Sarajevo: Muzička akademija u Sarajevu, Institut za muzikologiju.
Leutloff-Grandits, Carolin. 2016. Post-Dayton ethnic engineering in Croatia through the lenses of property issues and social transformations. Journal of Genocide Research18 (4): 485-502.
Мevorah, Vera. 2016. Turbo-folk – balkanizam, orijentalizam i drugost. Kultura 151: 261-278.
Nedeljković, Saša. 2007. Čast, krv i suze. Beograd: Zlatni zmaj i Odeljenje za etnologiju i antropologiju Filozofskog fakulteta u Beogradu.
Petrović, Davor. 2012. Četiri okvira za jednu pesmu: kratka biografija sevdalinke. Etnološko-antropološke sveske 19, (n.s.) 8: 25-46.
Petrović, Edit. 1988. Pristup proučavanju etničkog identiteta: na primeru crnogorskih kolonista u Vojvodini. Etnološke sveske 9: 65-72.
Rašić, Miloš. 2016. „Antropologija muzike: paradigme i perspektive”. U Zbornik radova akademije umetnosti 4, ur. Nataša Crnjanski, 133-145. Novi Sad: Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Akademija umetnosti, Katedra za kompoziciju i teorijsko umetničke predmete.
Rice, Timothy. 2007. Reflections on music and identity in Ethnomusicology. Muzikologija 7: 17-38.
Ristivojević, Marija. 2011. Korelacija muzike i mesta na primeru beogradskog “novog talasa” u rokenrol muzici. Etnoantropološki problemi 6 (4): 931-947.
Ristivojević, Marija. 2012a. Rokenrol kao lokalni muzički fenomen. Etnoantropološki problemi 7 (1): 213-233.
Ristivojević, Marija. 2012b. Proučavanje muzike u antropologiji. Etnoantropološki problemi 7 (2): 471-486.
Ristivojević, Marija. 2013a. Muzika kao kulturni fenomen. Etnoantropološki problemi 8 (2): 441-451.
Ristivojević, Marija. 2013b. Rokenrol kao simbolički resurs. Etnološko-antropološke sveske 21, (n.s.) 10: 129-142.
Ristivojević, Marija. 2014. Muzika i lokalni identitet. Festival kulture mladih Srbije kao identitetsko obeležje Knjaževca. Antropologija 14 (3): 45-53.
Robertson, Craig. 2010. Music and Conflict Transformation in Bosnia: Constructing and Reconstructing the Normal. Music and Art in Action 2: 38-52.
Sahadžić, Maja. 2009. „Priroda političkog sistema u Bosni i Hercegovini”. U Uvod u politički sistem Bosne i Hercegovine: izabrani aspekti, ur. Saša Gavrić, Damir Banović i Dr Christina Krause, 17-43. Sarajevo: Sarajevski otvoreni centar i Fondacija Konrad Adenauer.
Skyllstad, Kjell. 2000. Creating a Culture of Peace. The Perforimng Arts in Interethnic Negotioations. Journal of Intercultural Communication 4: 114-124.
Talam, Jasmina. 2017. Pripovijedanje kroz pjesmu: narativni oblici u narodnoj muzičkoj tradiciji Bosne i Hercegovine. Sarajevo: Institut za muzikologiju, Muzička akademija Univerziteta u Sarajevu.
Teftedarija, Andrea. 2007. Who killed Sarajevo Spirit? Structure, agency, nationalism and the case of Sarajevo. Master’s Thesis. University of Amsterdam – Faculty of Political Science.
Vlaisavljević, Ugo. 2007. Pripitomljavanje nacionalizma. Sarajevo: Mauna-Fe Publishing.
Vlaisavljević, Ugo. 2014. Etnički identitet kao strateški modus preživljavanja. Mostariensia 18 (1-2): 27-44.
Vukanović, Maša. 2011. Kulturno – umetnički amaterizam. Snaga kulture. Beograd: Zavod za proučavanje kulturnog razvitka.
Wilson, Robin. 2003. A city for all our citizens: reflections on “shared cities”. Strasbourg: Council of Europe.
Published
2018-12-28
How to Cite
Dražeta, B., & Guja, Z. (2018). The influence of music on interethnic relations of Sarajevo and Mostar’s inhabitants. Issues in Ethnology and Anthropology, 13(4), 899–925. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21301/eap.v13i4.1