“Both Man and Woman”: The Third Sex/Gender Role in Roma Community in Skopje

  • Ines Crvenkovska Risteska Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology Faculty of Natural Science and Mathematics University „Ss. Cyril and Methodius“– Skopje
Keywords:
women, third gender role, Roma community, Skopje, sisters

Abstract

“Women” (buljàshi) play a third gender role in the Roma community in Skopje, Macedonia. Their important role, “both man and woman”, in the Roma community is realized through economic, social, and ritual community of close “sisters”. Within the Roma family rituals, in the life cycle rituals of the men and women community members, they take a significant ritual - magic function. They are “mediators” between the divine and the community.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bojadzieva, Maja. 1999. Androgin: Utopija na sovršeniot pol (mitokritički esej). Sigmapres.
Cornwall, Andrea. 1994. “Gendered identities and gender ambiguity among travestis in Salvador, Brazil”. In Dislocating Masculinity: Comparative Ethnographies, edited by Cornwall Andrea and Lindisfarne Nancy. New York and London: Routledge.
Dunin, Elsie Ivancich. 2006. “Romani Dance Event in Skopje, Macedonia: Research Strategies, Cultural Identities, and Technologies”. In Dancing from Past to Present Nation, Culture, Identities, edited by Theresa Jill Buckland, 175 – 198. The University of Wisconsin Press.
Garber Marjorie. 1992. Vested Interests: Cross-Dressing & Cultural Anxiety. New York and London: Routledge.
Gay y Blasco, Paloma. 1997. “A ‘different’ body? Desire and virginity among Gitanos”. The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 3(3): 517–35.
Hastings, Donnan and Fiona Magowan. 2010. The Anthropology of Sex. BERG.
Maksimović, Elena. 2009. ‘Etnički i seksualni identitet kod Roma: muškarci koji upražnjavaju seks sa muškarcima’. Antropologija, 7, 105-119.
Marušiakova, Elena i Veselin Popov. 2007. Studii Romani, Tom VII. Etnografski institut s Muzej pri BAN. Sofija: Paradigma.
Nanda, Serena. 1986. “The Hijras of India”. Journal of Homosexuality 11(3-4): 35-54.
Nanda, Serena. 1999. Neither Man nor Woman: The Hijras of India. Belmont, California: Wadsworth Publishing Co.
Papataxiarchis, Evthymios. 1991. “Friends of the heart: male commensal solidarity, gender, and kinship in Aegean Greece”. In Contested Identities. Gender and Kinship in Modern Greece, edited by Loizos Peter and Evthymios Papataxiarchis, 156-179. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
Peletz, Michael G. 2006. “Transgenderism and Gender Pluralism in Southeast Asia since Early Modern Times”. Current Anthropology 47 (2): 309–40.
Petrovska – Kuzmanova, Katerina. 2016. “Rodovite relacii vo obrednite povorki“. Култура/Culture 6(14): 91- 98.
Petrovski, Trajko. 2013. Etničkite i kulturnite karakteristiki na Romite vo Makedonija. Skopje: Institut za folklor „Marko Cepenkov“. Kniga 82, Posebni izdanija.
Risteski, S. Ljupčo. 2002. “The Orgiastic Elements in the Rituals Connected With the Cult of the Moon”. Studia Mithologica Slavica V: 113 – 129.
Suthrell, Charlotte. 2004. Unzipping Gender: Sex, Cross-Dressing and Culture. BERG.
Svetieva, Aneta. 1996. „Erotskite elementi od obredite so maski na Makedoncite“. In Collection Običai so maski, 7-13. Skopje: Muzej na Makedonija.
Tesăr, Cătălina. 2012. “Becoming Rom (male), becoming Romni (female) among Romanian Cortorari Roma: On body and gender”. Romani Studies 5(22): 113-140.
Žikić, Bojan. 2008. Rizik i nasilje. Antropološko proučavanje seksualnog rada u Beogradu. Beograd.
Published
2019-06-27