Discontinuity of Funerary Rites in Late Praehistory of the Central Balkans

  • Zorica Kuzmanović Department of Archaeology Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade
Keywords:
funerary rite, dis/continuity of funerary practice, theory of practice, late praehistory of the Central Balkans, Glasinac

Abstract

Starting from the fact that the present knowledge of the late praehistory of the Central Balkans is based almost exclusively upon interpretations of funerary remains, the aim of this paper is to investigate the theoretical premises of the archaeological research into burials in this region. Problems and limitations of the traditional culture-historical approach to funerary practices are discussed, and the second part of the paper aims to demonstrate that the shift in theoretical perspective may result in fundamentally different insights into the explanatory potential of funerary rites in archaeology.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Archibald, Zofia. 1994. “Thracians and Scythians”. In The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. VI (The Forurth Century BC), eds. D. M: Lewis at all: 444–475. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

– – –. 1998. The Odrysian Kingdom of Trace: Orpheus Unmasked. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Babić, Staša. 2002. “Princley Graves” of the Central Balkans – A critical history of research, European Journal of Archaeology Vol. 5/1: 70–88.

– – –. 2010. Arheologija i etnicitet. Etnoantropološki problemi 5/1: 137–149.

– – –. 2011. Čemu još istorija arheologije? Etnoantropološki problemi 6/3: 565–577.

Babić, Staša i Zorica Kuzmanović. 2015. Balkan kao vremenska odrednica – diskurs balkanizma u srpskoj arheologiji. Etnoantropološki problemi 10/3: 539–555.

Bartel, Brad. 1982. A Historical Rewiev of Ehnological and Archaeological Analysis of Mortuary Parctices. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 1: 32–58.

Benac, Alojz. 1973. O identifikaciji ilirskog etnosa. Godišnjak Centra za balkanološka ispitivanja XI: 93–107.

– – –. 1979 „Neki aspekti istraživanja tumula u našoj zemlji“. U Sahranjivanje kod Ilira, ur. Milutin Garašanin, 15–28. Beograd: Balkanološki institut SANU.

– – –. 1984. „Kult mrtvih na Ilirskom području u praistorijskom dobu“ U Duhovna kultura Ilira, ur. A. Benac, M. Garašanin i E. Alirejsović: 133–153. Sarajevo: Centar za balkanološka ispitivanja ANUBiH.

– – –. 2012. Religijske predstave prastanovnika južnoslovenskih zemalja (ur. Blagoje Govedarica). Sarajevo: ANUBiH.

Berggren, Asa and Liv Nilsson Stutz. 2010. From spetators to crtitics and participants. A new role of archaeology in ritual studies. Journal of Social Archaeology 10(2): 171–197.

Binford, R. Lewis. 1971 “Mortuary practices: their study and their potential”. In Approaches to the social dimensions of mortuary practices, ed. James A. Brown. Memoirs of the Society for American Archaeology 25: 6–29.

Bloch, Maurice and Jonatan Parry 1982. “Introduction: death and the regeneration of life”. In Death and the regeneration of life (eds. M. Bloch and J. Parry). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Borić, Dušan. 2016. Posmrtni obredi na Lepenskom Viru. Obrasci pogrebne prakse. Beograd: Srpsko arheološko društvo.

Bourdieu, Pierre. 1977. Outline of a Theory of Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Brown, A. James (ed.) 1971. Approches to the social dimensions of mortuary practices. Memoirs of the Society for American Archaeology 25.

Carr, C. 1995. Mortuary practices: their social, philosophical-religious, circumstantial, and physical determinants. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 2/2: 105–200.

Catherine Bell, 2009. Ritual Theory, Ritual Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Champion, C. Tim. (ed) 1989. Centre and Periphery – Comparative Studies in Archaeology. London: Hyman.

Chapman, Robert, Ian Kinnes and Klavs Randsborg.1981. The Arcaheology of Death. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cvjetićanin, Tanja. 2013. Mala Kopašnica-Sase: narativ o kontinuitetu. Etnoantropološki problemi 11/3: 711–730.

Čović, Borivoj. 1964. „Osnovne karakteristike materijalne kulture Ilira na njihovom centralnom području“. U Simpozijum o teritorijalnom i hronološkom razgraničenju Ilira u praistorijsko doba, ur. Alojz Benac, 95–111. Sarajevo: Centar za balkanološka ispitivanja ANUBiH.

– – –. 1976. Od Butmira do Ilira. Sarajevo: Veselin Masleša.

– – –. 1979. Kneževski grobovi glasinačkog područja. U Sahranjivanje kod Ilira, ur. Milutin Garašanin, 143–169. Beograd: Balkanološki institut SANU.

– – –. 1987. „Glasinačka kultura“. U Praistorija jugoslavenskih zemalja V, ur. Alojz Benac, 783–804. Sarajevo: Centar za balkanološka ispitivanja SANU.

Durkheim, Emile. 2008. Elementarne forme religijskog života. Totemistički sustav u Australiji. Zagreb: Jesenski i Tur – Hrvatsko sociološko društvo.

Fabian, Johannes, 1973. “How Others Die: Reflections on the Anthropology of Death”. In Death in American Experience, ed. Arien Mack, 177–201. New York: Schocken.

Frankenstein, Susan and Michael Rowlands 1978. The internal structure and regional qontext of early Iron Age society in south-western Germany. Bulletin of the Institute of Archaeology 15 :73–112.

Garašanin, Milutin 1979. „Ka istorijskoj i etničkoj interpretaciji sahranjivanja pod tumulima na ilirskom području“. U Sahranjivanje kod Ilira, ur. Milutin Garašanin, 1-–12. Beograd: Balkanološki institut SANU.

– – –. 1988. „Nastanak i poreklo Ilira“. U Iliri i Albanci, ur. Milutin Garašanin, 9-–80. Beograd: SANU.

– – –. 1996. Jugoistočna Evropa u osvit evropske civilizacije. Glasnik Srpskog arheološkog društva 11: 9-–19.

Gluckman, Max 1962. “Les rites de passage”. In Essays on the ritual of social relations, ed. Max Gluckman, 1–52. Manchester: University of Manchester Press.

Goody, Jack. 1962. Death, Property, and Ancestors. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press.. Gosden, Cris. 1985. Gift and kin in early Iron Age Europe. Man 20: 475–493.

Hertz, Robert. 1960. “A Contribution to the Study of the Coillective Representation of Death”. In Death and the Right Hand, trans. Rodney and Claudia Needham. London: Cohen and West.

Kuzmanović, Zorica. 2011. Problem kulturnog identiteta u savremenoj arheološkoj praksi. Etnoantropološki problemi 6/3: 595–606.

– – –. 2012. Uticaj lingvistike na formiranje kulturno-istorijskog pristupa u arheologiji. Etnoantropološki problemi 12/3: 615–628.

– – –. 2013. Repozicioniranje uloge antičkih pisanih izvora u arheologiji. Etnoantropološki problemi 8/3: 763–778.

Kuzmanović, Zorica and Ivan Vranić. 2014. On the reflexive nature of archaeologies of the Western Balkan Iron Age: A case study of the ‘Illyrian argument’. Anthropologie, International Journal of the Science of Man, Vol 51 (2013) No. 2: 249–259.

Luraghi, Nino. 2006. Traders, Pirats, Worriors: The Proto-History of Greek Mercenary Soldiers in the Eastern Mediterranean. Phoenix 60/1–2: 21–47.

Malinowski, Bronislaw. 1954. “Magic, Scienece, and Religion”. In Magic, Science and Religion, ed. James Needham. New York: Doubleday.

Mano-Zisi, Đorđe i Ljubiša Popović. 1959. Grci i Iliri: njihovi kulturni odnosi u prošlosti naše zemlje na osnovu arheološkog materijala. Beograd: Narodni muzej.

Mihajlović, Vladimir D. 2016. Dea Dardanica: pre-rimska plemenska boginja ili rimska imperijalna tvorevina. Etnoantropološki problemi 11/3: 679–710.

Moren, Edgar. 1981. Čovek i smrt. Beograd: Bigz.

Morris, Ian. 1999. “Iron Age Greece and the meaning of the ‘Princely’ tombs”. In Les Princes de la Protohistorie et L’émergence de L’état, ed. Pascal Ruby: 57–80. Collection du Centre. Jean Bérard.

Oestigaard, Tarje. 2010. Death and ambivalent materiality – Human Flesh as Culture and Cosmology. In Combining the Past and the Present: Archaeological perspectives on society, eds. T. Oestigaard, at all: 23–30. BAR International Series 1210. Oxford.

Palagi, Phyllis and Henry Abramovitch. 1984. Death: Cross-Cultural perspective. Annual Review of Anthropology, Vol. 13: 385–417.

Palavestra, Aleksandar. 1984. Kneževski grobovi starijeg gvozdenog doba na Centralnom Balkanu. Beograd: Balkanološki institut SANU.

– – –. 1994. “Prehistoric trade and the cultural model for princely tombs in the central Balkans”. In Europe in the First Millennium BC, eds. K. Kristiansen and J. Jensen: 45–57. Sheffield: J.R. Collis Publications.

– – –. 1995 . Strongholders of power: The Territorial Aspect of Princely Tombs and the Early Iron Age in the central Balkans. Balcanica XXVI: 35–56.

– – –. 2011. U službi kontinuiteta. Etno-arheologija u Srbiji. Etnoantropološki problemi 6/3: 579–594.

Papazoglu, Fanula. 1969. Srednjobalkanska plemena u predrimsko doba. Sarajevo: Balkanološka ispitivanja Akademije nauka i umjetnosti Bosne i Hercegovine

Porčić, Marko. 2013. Ogledi iz teorijske arheologije: da li postoje arheološke kulture? Etnoantropološki problemi 8/3: 633–655.

Rebay-Salisbury, Katharina. 2012. “Inhumation and Cremation: how burial practices are linked to beliefs”. In Embodied Knowledge: Historical Perspectives on Technology and Belief, eds. M.L.S. Sørensen and K. Rebay-Salisbury: 15–26. Oxford: Oxbow.

Redcliffe-Brown, A.R. 1964. The Andaman Islanders: A Study in Social Anthropology. New York: The Free Press.

Renfrew, Colin 1987. Archaeology and Language. The Puzzle of Indo-European origins. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Robben Antonius C. G. M. 2004. “Death and Anthropology: An Introduction”. In Death, Mourning, and Burial, A Cross-Cultural Reader, ed. Antonius C. G. M. Rubben, 1–17. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

Rowlands, Michael. 1973. “Modes of exchange and the incentives for trade, with reference to later European prehistory”. In The Explanation of Culture Change – Models in Prehistory, ed. C. Renfrew, 589–600. London: Duckworth.

Silverman K. Eric, and David Lipset (eds). 2016. “Intorudction. Mortuary Ritual, Modern Social Theory and the Historical Moment in Pacific Modernity”. In Mortuary dialogues: Death Rites and Reprodusction of Moral Communities in Pacific Modernities. New York: Berghahn.

Sørensen, M. L. S. and Katharina Rebay. 2007. “From substantial bodies to the substance of bodies: analysis of the transition from inhumation to cremation during the Middle Bronze Age in Europe”. In: Past Bodies, eds. J. Robb and D. Boric, 59–68. London: Berghahn.

Srejović, Dragoslav. 1973. Karagač and The Problem of Ethnogenises of Dardanians. Balcanica IV: 39–82.

– – –. 1979. „Pokušaj etničkog i hronološkog razgraničenjna starobalkanskih plemena na osnovu načina sahranjnivanja“. U Sahranjivanje kod Ilira, ur. Milutin Garašanin, 79–83. Beograd: Balkanološki institut SANU.

Stojić, Milorad. 1986. Gvozdeno doba u basenu Velike Morave. Beograd: Filozofski fakultet, Centar za arheološka istraživanja.
Stutz, Liv Nilsson. 2008. “More than Metaphor: Approaching the Human Cadaver in Archaeology”, In The Materiality of Death, eds. Fahlander, F. & T. Østigaard: 19–28. Oxford: Archaeopress.

– – –. 2010. “The Way We Bury Our Dead. Reflections on ritual practice and community at the time of the Mesolithic – Neolithic transition”. In Bodies, Ritual and Religion. Documenta Praehistorica XXXVII: 33–42.

– – –. 2014. “A proper Burial. Some Thoughts on Changing in Mortuary Rituals and how Archaeologists can begin to understand them”. In Death and Changing Rituals. Function and Meaning in Ancient Funerary Parctices, eds. J. R. Brandt at all, Studies in Funerary Archaeology 7: 1–16.

Tasić, Nikola. 1998. “Gvozdeno doba.” U Arheološko blago Kosova i Metohije od neolita do ranog srednjeg veka, ur. Nikola Tasić, 148–225. Beograd: SANU – Muzej u Prištini.

Van Genep, Arnold. 2005. Obredi prelaza. Sistemsko izučavanje rituala. Beograd: Srpska književna zadruga.

Vasić, Miloje M. 1912. Žuto brdo. Prilozi za poznavanje kulture gvozdenoga doba u Dunavskoj Dolini II, III. Starinar n. r. V: 1–207.

– – –. 1936. Preistorijska Vinča II. Oblici grobova. Mistične oči. Igra na tabli. Datovanje Vinče. Beograd: Državna štamparija.

Vasić, Rastko. 2000. Autarijati na Kosovu. Zbornik radova Filozofskog fakulteta u Prištini 30: 317–324.

Venbrux, Eic. 2007. Robert Hertz`s seminal essay and mortuary rites in the Pacific region. Journal de la Société des Océanistes 124, année 2007–1: 5–10.

Vranić, Ivan. 2011. „Ranoatička naselja“ i gvozdeno doba centralnog Balkana: pitanja etničkog identiteta. Etnoantropološki problemi 6/3: 659–679.

Wells, Peter. l980. Culture Contact and Culture Change: Early Iron Age central Europe and the Mediterranean world. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Published
2017-11-18
How to Cite
Kuzmanović, Zorica. 2017. “Discontinuity of Funerary Rites in Late Praehistory of the Central Balkans”. Issues in Ethnology and Anthropology 12 (3), 725–748. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21301/eap.v12i3.3.